The number of femicides increased by 20% in France in 2021 compared to the previous year, with 122 women killed under the blows of their spouses or ex-spouses, according to a report published in late August by the Ministry of the Interior.
Numbers “freezing”, reacted Isabelle Roma, Delegate Minister for Equality between women and men. “Despite the unprecedented efforts made by the state in the last five years, femicides remain at too high a level”, he told Agence France-Presse. Since the beginning of January, 79 femicides have already been registered, which puts the year 2022 on the average of the previous one.
In an interview with Sunday newspaper (JDD) of 4 September, the Minister recommends the creation of specialized jurisdictions. “These cases must be judged specifically, she declares. Slapping your wife has nothing to do with stealing a cellphone from a store. We need to question this act and provide an immediate response. “
Get inspiration from “models like Spain or Quebec”
The organization of these courts will be the subject of the parliamentary mission, announced on Friday by Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne on the occasion of the three-year period of the “Grenelle” against this scourge which affects mainly women.
This mission, which will last six months, will have the task of making proposals to improve the legal treatment of domestic violence. «With Elisabeth Borne and Eric Dupond-Moretti [ministre de la justice], we will also be able to draw inspiration from models such as Spain or Quebec “, declares Mr.myself Rome a JDD. Beyond the Pyrenees, the number of femicides has fallen sharply in the last fifteen years due to several specific measures.
“At the very least, we must continue to train all judges and prosecutors who can deal with this type of case”the magistrate advances, who wants to raise awareness on the matter “The notion of influence or even of coercive control, those processes during which the violent spouse places the other under his dominion, making him dependent and placing him in a situation of grave danger. “
In response to the criticism of the associations that denounce the lack of training of the police, the Minister argues that “157,000 policemen and gendarmes were trained”And “417 social workers are now present in police stations or gendarmerie, to accompany, support and guide the victims”. A figure that the government intends to raise to 600 by 2025.
Launch of a “new starter package”
Isabelle Roma also wishes to launch a “new start package”, in order to support women in their quest for independence when they do not dare to leave their abusive spouse for lack of means. Would be “a sort of one-stop shop, tested on several sites, to provide all the necessary support to the victims and help them take flight”he explains, detailing a “mobilization of social assistance, [un] access to training o [une] assistance when returning to work, [un] emergency reception or psychological support “.
Among the new measures, Elisabeth Borne has already announced new emergency shelters for women fleeing their abusive spouses: by the end of the year, a total of 10,000 places will be available, compared to just over 9,000 today. And the total will rise to 11,000 next year.
As for the protection orders, which urgently prohibit any contact between the perpetrator and his victim, Isabelle Rome is pleased that the acceptance rate has increased to reach 67.8% today. “In 2021, 3,554 prescriptions were issued, compared to 1,600 in 2016. And delivery times were reduced from forty to six days”argues.
To fundamentally combat this scourge of domestic violence, the minister believes that“we have to work upstream on education”. “With Pap N’Diaye [ministre de l’éducation] (…) we want to amplify this education of girls and boys on inequalities from an early age “, she advances.