When fiction shapes the future of artificial intelligence, from “Frankenstein” to “Terminator”

When fiction shapes the future of artificial intelligence, from “Frankenstein” to “Terminator”

When fiction shapes the future of artificial intelligence, from “Frankenstein” to “Terminator”

In mid-June, the tech world was in turmoil after Blake Lemoine, a Google engineer, published his exchanges with the LaMDA (Language Model for Dialogue Applications) “chatbot”. “I want everyone to understand that I am, in fact, a person (…). I have my own interpretations of how the world is and how it works (…). I don’t just spit answers written into a database. “warned the talking agent designed by the American company.

In a few hours, information travels around the world. The transcript – edited by Lemoine, responsible for evaluating the program’s permeability to hate speech and discriminatory remarks – was quickly discredited by dozens of experts. The MDA is just a very large language model with 137 billion parameters (…). It looks like a human being, because it is trained on human data summarized in a tweet lapidary Juan M. Lavista Ferres, head of Microsoft’s artificial intelligence (AI) department.

The LaMDA case, which died out with the dismissal of Blake Lemoine in late July, is just the latest example of how the issue of AI consciousness routinely hysterics debate audiences. As early as 1966, computer scientist Joseph Weizenbaum conceptualized the Eliza effect, inspired by the chatbot of the same name, to describe our propensity to lend human behavior to a computer system in this way.

Fiction, AI ethics laboratory

This fascination with awareness of artificial intelligence products has its source in literature. Starting with one of the founding myths of the industrial era: Frankenstein or the modern Prometheus (1818). Born under the pen of Mary Shelley more than two centuries ago, Victor Frankenstein’s sutured monster embodies the arrogance of science and the excesses of progress.

Allegory of AI, the electric creature learns language and violence, philosophy and cruelty from men. Rejected by the world, hated by its creator, it will take revenge with blood. Heir to the Jewish myth of the Golem – born of clay and chaos, a redemptive and apocalyptic figure in the Jewish tradition. Born from the terrible fate of Prometheus, a thief of fire, condemned to eternal torture for having entrusted the divine breath to men, Frankenstein catalyzes the existential anguish of an omnipotent technique. A motif that has given birth to generations of terrifying tales.

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